Can a machine act intelligently? Are human intelligence and machine intelligence the same? The scientific answers to these questions depend on the definition of “intelligence” and “consciousness” and exactly which “machines” paradigms of artificial intelligence programming peter norvig pdf under discussion. If a machine behaves as intelligently as a human being, then it is as intelligent as a human being.
Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. A physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means of general intelligent action. The appropriately programmed computer with the right inputs and outputs would thereby have a mind in exactly the same sense human beings have minds. Can a machine display general intelligence?
Can a machine have a mind, consciousness, and mental states? Is thinking a kind of computation? Can a machine have emotions? Can a machine be self-aware? Can a machine be original or creative? Can a machine be benevolent or hostile? Can a machine have a soul?