Modern surveying instruments and their uses pdf

This article is about measuring positions on Earth. A surveyor at work with a retroreflector used for distance measurement and orientation. Surveying has been an element in the development of the human environment since the beginning of modern surveying instruments and their uses pdf history. It is an important tool for research in many other scientific disciplines.

Earth, and to depict them in a usable form, or to establish the position of points or details. Land surveying can include associated services such as mapping and related data accumulation, construction layout surveys, precision measurements of length, angle, elevation, area, and volume, as well as horizontal and vertical control surveys, and the analysis and utilization of land survey data. Surveying has occurred since humans built the first large structures. 2700 BC, affirm the Egyptians’ command of surveying. The Romans recognized land surveying as a profession. This was the practice of gathering a group of residents and walking around the parish or village to establish a communal memory of the boundaries.

Young boys were included to ensure the memory lasted as long as possible. It recorded the names of all the land owners, the area of land they owned, the quality of the land, and specific information of the area’s content and inhabitants. It did not include maps showing exact locations. Printed image of surveying equipment. 1551, but it is thought that the instrument was in use earlier as his description is of a developed instrument.

Facebook Comments