This article is about contemporary theological discussion. Judaism emphasize that God is a force or ideal. No consensus has been reached by academics on the origins of monotheism in ancient Israel, but Yahweh “clearly came out of the world of the gods of the Ancient Near East. God, god and god alone pdf Cause of all, is one.
Rather, God is a unity unlike any other possible unity. God as interpenetrating the universe, which itself has been thought to be a manifestation of God’s existence. This has been described as a strand of Judaism which may seem at odds with Jewish commitments to strict monotheism, but Kabbalists have consistently emphasized that their traditions are strictly monotheistic. Any belief that an intermediary between humanity and God could be used, whether necessary or even optional, has traditionally been considered heretical.
God is the only one we may serve and praise. We may not act in this way toward anything beneath God, whether it be an angel, a star, or one of the elements. There are no intermediaries between us and God. Some rabbinic authorities disagreed with this view. Machnisay Rachamim”, a request to the angels to intercede with God. Modern printed editions of the Selichot include this prayer.
In the philosophy of Maimonides and other Jewish-rationalistic philosophers, there is little which can be predicated about the Godhead other than its existence, and even this can only be asserted equivocally. How then can a relation be represented between God and what is other than God when there is no notion comprising in any respect both of the two, inasmuch as existence is, in our opinion, affirmed of God, may God be exalted, and of what is other than God merely by way of absolute equivocation. There is, in truth, no relation in any respect between God and any of God’s creatures. The “knowability” of the Godhead in Kabbalistic thought is no better that what is conceived by rationalist thinkers. Of God as God is in Godself—Ein Sof—nothing can be said at all, and no thought can reach there”.