This article is about the use and knowledge of techniques and processes for producing goods and services. Such turbines encyclopedia of physical science and technology pdf most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated. Electrification is believed to be the most important engineering achievement of the 20th century.
The use of the term “technology” has changed significantly over the last 200 years. English, which usually translates both terms as “technology. In 1937, the American sociologist Read Bain wrote that “technology includes all tools, machines, utensils, weapons, instruments, housing, clothing, communicating and transporting devices and the skills by which we produce and use them. Bain’s definition remains common among scholars today, especially social scientists. Dictionaries and scholars have offered a variety of definitions. Technology can be most broadly defined as the entities, both material and immaterial, created by the application of mental and physical effort in order to achieve some value. In this usage, technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems.