Witch hunt” and “Witch trial” redirect here. Including illegal and summary executions it animal finders guide pdf estimated 200,000 or more “witches” were tortured, burnt or hanged in the Western world from 1500 until around 1800.
The last executions of people convicted as witches in Europe took place in the 18th century. Belief in witchcraft has been shown to have similarities in societies throughout the world. It presents a framework to explain the occurrence of otherwise random misfortunes such as sickness or death, and the witch sorcerer provides an image of evil. One study finds that witchcraft beliefs are associated with antisocial attitudes: lower levels of trust, charitable giving and group participation. If the holy river overcome him and he is drowned, the man who put the spell upon him shall take possession of his house. If the holy river declares him innocent and he remains unharmed the man who laid the spell shall be put to death.
He that plunged into the river shall take possession of the house of him who laid the spell upon him. In Classical Athens, no laws concerning magic survive. 338 BC, supposedly for casting incantations and using harmful drugs. In 186 BC, the Roman senate issued a decree severely restricting the Bacchanals, ecstatic rites celebrated in honor of Dionysus. Livy records that this persecution was because “there was nothing wicked, nothing flagitious, that had not been practiced among them”. Italy at the time far exceeded anything that took place during the “classical” witch-craze in Early Modern Europe. Roman state religion in the 390s.